divendres, 17 de juliol de 2009

Blacknimation

From the beginning, the world of animation has dealt with the African American population, although at first merely with humorous characters of marked racial stereotypes, such as Buggs Bunny's Any Bonds Today, or Little Black Sambo or some Betty Boop's shorts



It was needed the phenomenon of Blacksploitaition to produce series with Afro-American characters treated with respect, because the world of animation has not been free of the Blaxplotaition phenomenon , and there were productions as Jackson5 the animated series.

Read about Jackson 5ve.

In all kinds of series, we see references to the genre of blacksploitation, like Brown boxy, the character of the Adult Swim series Aqua Teen Hunger Force:




Or the character Foxxy Love from Drawn Toggether, a fusion between Christy Love and Foxy Brown:



Read about Drawn Together

And do not forget internet Drawn Together's spin-off: Judge Fudge, who also has the TV series: The Judge Fudge Adventure Power Hour.

Another spin-off would be Family Man's blacksploitation, after the same creators, Cleveland Show.


Read about Cleveland Show


Family Man also has blacksploitation's chapters as Black to the Future or Blacktually Love, starring a black version of Peter Griffin.



Even there are references to blacksploitations in anime like the episode "Mushroom Samba" from Cowboy beebop.



Or Afro-samurai series.

Read Article about Afro-Samurai

But an animated blacksplotation to whom I have a special affection is Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids.



This series was produced and created by Bill Cosby, and many of his characters, including the titanic "Fat Albert," were doubled by himself. The show was on air from 1972 to 1984 and it was based on stories about his childhood gang.

The series was targeted at children of slums, a segment of the population that was forgotten by the pictures on Saturday morning, the Cosby Kids are children who live in a suburb of Philadelphia and play in a dump, where they have organized a rithm'n blues band using instruments made of trash. Each chapter contains an educational end where Bill Cosby in real image gave advice to marginalized children.

Fat Albert first appeared at Bill Cosby's special "Buck Buck," and included it in the 1967 album "Revenge" in 1969, with the veteran Hannah Barbera's animator Ken Mundie , he made the NBC's special Hey, Hey, Hey, It's Fat Albert, a mixture of animation and real image that became a jazz show. To make that special, it was necessary to create a group of friends to Fat Albert and Ken Mundie was associated with a Disney artist, Amby Paliwoda, the creator of cruel Ville, who created the characters of Fat Albert and painted a group portrait which immediately was placed on TV guides' covers, giving more popularity to the broadcast. The special was very successful and it was recordered an album at Warner with the music of the broadcast called the Fat Albert Rotunda.


Fat Albert producers, after the success of the special, wanted to edit the regular TV series, but NBC refused saying it was a very educational series (???), after that Bill Cosby was associated with the production company Filmation Associates and managed to sell it to the CBS, the series were directed by Ken Brown, and the characters were redesigned by Randy Hollar with the collaboration of the ex-Disney animator Michelle McKinney.

This series, called Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, was released in September 1972 and was 12 years on air (although the emission was not entirely continuous), there is an unedited season wrote, and many Christmas specials. The series contained recordered laughs, which were eliminated in the final season.

In 1974 they get an EMI nomination.

On 1979 they made a change, adding few shorts called The Brown Hornet, based on an African American superhero, and the series were renamed as The New Fat Albert Show.



And one final change in 1984, the series were syndicated and renamed as The Adventures of Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids, and as they had fewer restrictions they could add more aggressive material to scare kids not to enter into krack gangs.They produced a chapter in which the characters are taken to a maximum security prison. Another new short that was added was "Legal Eagle", an avenger eagle accompanied by two police squirrels.



In 1984 the production was stopped stopped because Bill Cosby was on a new project, the The Bill Cosby's Show.

There is a total of 109 episodes and 4 specials. A comic-book series published by Gold Key Comics, and a movie, Fat Albert, starring Kenan Thompson.

In 2002, it was listed at the top 50 animated series for TV Guide, at the number 12 (IGN puts it at 82).

But this was not the only contribution from Bill Cosby to the world of animation, in 2000 he produced the Little Bill series for Nickelodeon Nick Jr children's channel , based on the same name children tales.



The series has not been canceled yet, but last season was in 2007.

Blacksploitaition is a genre that has not been as prolific on animation as on movies, but it has had few creations, with a hard love for funky music and the suburban aesthetics, as an early result, animation based on racial stereotypes has been banned, but then, despite the educational value of Bill Cosby's broadcasts, it has been unable to avoid their autoparodical aesthetic became parodiated everywhere.

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